Improving Economic Viability of Gaushalas for Production and Promotion of Bio-Fertilisers
To devise innovative ways and policy to promote cattle economy and use of cow manure as bio-fertilizer and bio-energy especially for Gaushalas to convert cattle into economic assets and to explore Public Private Partnership model with various stakeholders including Gaushalas, Dairy cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organization for production of enriched solid and liquid bio-fertilizer and bio energy.

Study to Assess the Demand for the Fisheries Sector in India
The major objective of this study is to assess the demand for fish across species in 24 states of India and project demand for the same until 2031. The primary survey has started and the result is yet to be analysed.

Study to Assess the Availability of Resources for Creating the Assets and Initiatives Taken for Generating Various Own Sources of Revenue
In order to improve the financial base of the Local Bodies including Panchayati Raj Institutions, Central and State Finance Commissions have been providing many recommendations towards augmentation of the Own Source of Revenues of the panchayats to complement the grants provided to them by the Central and State Governments. Despite this, it is observed that the own source of revenue levels of the Rural Local Bodies in many States are very limited and they largely depend on the devolution of funds from the Central and the State Governments and the awards of the Central Finance Commission. It has also been observed that the management practices towards monetization of the Common Property Resources have often found to be lacking in the Rural Local Bodies resulting in their underutilisation. In light of the above, a primary data-based comprehensive study to assess the constraints and performance of Rural Local Bodies in generating own revenue is conducted. The study is proposed in selected 23 states namely Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal to have an objective assessment of the status of own sources of revenue of the Rural Local Bodies and management of Common Property Resources in the States. Also the study would map the best practices and provide guidelines for improving the same which could be adapted by other States.

Analysing Socio-Economic Impact of the NDP-1 The National Dairy Plan of India
The main objectives of the NCAER study were (i) to Identify and measure indicators demonstrating the impact of dairy involvement in socio-economic development, family welfare, and income generation;(ii) assess the social impact of the project in terms of provision of livelihoods, especially for vulnerable groups, and empowerment of women; (iii) Carry out an ex-post economic and financial evaluation of the design and delivery of the project with a focus on the two main components of NDP-I viz.: (a) Productivity Enhancement, which would increase milk productivity through improved animal breeding, nutrition, and delivery of Artificial Insemination services, and (b) Milk Collection and Bulking, which would provide access to markets through investment in village level milk collection and bulking facilities, and formation of producer companies and dairy cooperative societies.

Impact Evaluation of the Maharashtra CAIM (Convergence of Agriculture Intervention in Maharashtra) Programme
A socio-economic impact evaluation study was carried out by NCAER during January-June, 2019 to document the impact attributed to CAIM interventions on (i) Reduction of household poverty, (ii) Sustainable increase in household incomes, and (iii) Increased household resilience to climate and market risks.

Water-to-Cloud: Correlating socio-economic indicators with river water quality
The Ganga River basin spreaded across multiple states of India is the world’s most populous river basin. But, the pressure of industrialization and urbanisation makes the basin vulnerable to incessant outpouring of sewage and large volumes of solid and industrial wastes. While there are studies to show the effect of drinking water on human health, there is a need to address the issue of socio-economic indicators’ correlations with surface water pollution and study the causality therein. The primary aim of the project is to study the socio-economic and livelihood implications of Ganga river water pollution by correlating the real time pollution parameters with self-reported livelihood measures. The two groups chosen for survey are fisherman and households in West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh respectively. The specific objectives of the study are: 1. To understand the effect of water pollution on the livelihood of fishermen. 2. To calculate the direct and indirect health costs of households associated with Ganga river water usage.

Studies on lmpact of BS Vl and Ethanol Blending on Human Health lndex
According to a recently published report of the Indian Council of Medical Research, air pollution accounted for 12.4 lakhs deaths in India in 2017 which included 6.7 lakhs deaths due to outdoor air pollution. The report also stated that average life expectancy in India would have been 1.7 years higher if air pollution levels were within permissible limits. In India, special efforts thus have been made by Government of India to reduce ground level air pollution (transport sector) by leapfrogging with implementation of BS IV to BS VI from 2020. The aim is to reduce the adverse impacts of fuel related particulate matter (PM) from the city of Delhi. The project in partnership with the Maulana Azad Medical College and Indian Oil Corporation Limited, R&D Centre have the specific objectives: a) To generate data on air borne pollutants by deploying air quality monitoring van. ; b) To collect clinical and biometric information of individuals exposed to air pollution. ; c) To study the effect and severity of pollutants on human health.

Agricultural Diagnostic for Bihar State of India
This NCAER study is aimed at undertaking a diagnostic of the agricultural sector to help inform and operationalise the Government of Bihar vision for agriculture in the next 5 years. The study will (a) assess the drivers of agricultural productivity and growth in Bihar; (b) assess and rank the obstacles to inclusive growth; (c) identify actions to increase this sector’s productivity and promote inclusive growth to help this sector move to a sustained higher-growth path. The policy recommendations of this diagnostic will help policy makers, donors and other stakeholders to the success of Bihar’s agricultural sector enhance the decisions they make on policies and programmes to deliver inclusive growth of this sector and greater food security for the state of Bihar. Aligned with the Bihar Agriculture Road Map of the Government of Bihar, the purpose of this study is also to develop practical, evidence-based policy options to support sustainable growth in this sector.  

Doubling Farmer's Income
The Government of India has focused its attention on doubling the farmers’ income during the seven-year period from 2015–16 to 2022–23, marking a significant departure from past policies when the emphasis had been only on production rather than the marketability of the produce. In order to provide analytics for this focus, a Committee on Doubling Farmers’ Income was constituted in April 2016 under the chairmanship of Dr Ashok Dalwai, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The Committee has adopted three institutes as its knowledge partners. While the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) is one of them, the other two are the National Institute of Agricultural Research Policy (NIAP), and the National Centre for Cold Chain Development (NCCD). The DFI Committee has held multiple consultations with stakeholders across the country and has co-opted more than 100 resource persons to help it in drafting the Report. These members have been drawn from among researchers, academics, non-government organisations, farmers’ organisations, professional associations, trade, industry, commerce, consultancy bodies, policymakers at the Central and State levels, and many others with various domain strengths. While thirteen volumes of the DFI Committee Report have already been prepared, Volume XIV on the Comprehensive Policy Recommendations of the DFI Committee is in the process of finalisation. The Committee has identified six major sources for increasing farmers’ income, viz., improvement in crop productivity, livestock productivity, resource use efficiency or promoting savings in the cost of production, increase in cropping intensity, diversification towards high-value crops, and enhancement of the real prices received by farmers. With the DFI strategy focusing on doubling the farmers’ income, all those associated with the programme at both the Central and State levels need to disaggregate the interventions for achieving a higher share of farm income in the farmers’ cumulative income. Hence, it has been targeted to change the ratio of farm to non-farm income from the existing 60: 40 (in 2015–16) to 70: 30 (by 2022–23), which would ensure greater viability for farming.

Doubling Farmers' Income
Agriculture plays an important role in the overall growth of the Indian economy. While the share of agriculture in GDP has declined sharply during the last five decades the dependence of the rural workforce on agriculture for employment has not declined in the same proportion. This has widened income disparity between the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. A Committee chaired by Dr Ashok Dalwai, was set up at the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, in April 2016 to look into various aspects of growth in farmers’ income. The Committee has adopted NCAER as one of the knowledge partners in this work. The Report of the Committee is structured through 14 volumes. The draft versions of the first four volumes of the “Strategy for Doubling Farmers’ Income by 2022” have been uploaded on the website of the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare.

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