International Comparative Study on Development of Strategic Framework for making the IFSC as a Re-insurance Hub
The International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) was established, as the financial regulator of the IFSCs. Within a short duration, IFSCA has undertaken a gamut of measures, including laying down a comprehensive regulatory framework for various financial services, with a focussed mandate of how to make GIFT IFSC a thriving financial hub. Becoming an offshore financial centre is an important aspect of being a financial hub. Consistent with the IFSCA’s proactive approach, it commissioned the comparative study of international financial centres having a developed offshore reinsurance market. Therefore, the objective of this study is to look at regulatory regimes and features related to ease of doing business in other financial centres to draw lessons for GIFT IFSC, so it can develop capability to cater to the international reinsurance market.

Third Party Evaluation of regulatory performance of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)
A periodic evaluation of the performance of Statutory Regulatory Authorities (SRAs) is necessary to ascertain the quality of their governance arrangements, and the processes and procedures they use in the execution of statutory functions. Primarily, such evaluations allow the regulator to improve institutional capabilities and showcase their efforts in building professional competence and an enabling regulatory environment. This is a first-of-a-kind study, which has been commissioned to evaluate performance of IBBI since its inception.

Integration of NCAER Land Records and Services Index & Prindex : Combining land records and property rights perception
NCAER has launched two editions of supply side NCAER Land Records Services Index in 2020 and 2021. While expanding and improving quality of land records reflects the efforts on the supply side of these services, how are they perceived and used by the users? To address this question, it was felt that a demand side component be added to the index. This could assess to what extent households are actually aware of, use and value digitised land records. Another dimension of rights of property strengthened by improvement in the land records and related services of the government is the perception of the citizens of the security of their rights in property. Do the improvements in land records and services lead to perceptions of greater security of property rights, leading to positive impact on investments in property that enhance its value and productivity? An opportunity to examine these two related aspects has been presented by the integration of the ‘demand side survey’ of N-LRSI with the survey of perceptions of security of property rights in India as part of Prindex India Survey. Learning from the global experience and more specifically experience of Prindex surveys in India, it is now proposed to carry out an integrated sample survey of households addressing both the demand side perspectives on land records and perceptions of security of land and housing property rights. The combination of LRSI and Prindex will open up opportunities for rigorous study of the inter linkages between formal tenure and subjective perception of its security. It will also allow assessing the differences in awareness about formal tenure status and related rights, allocation of assets within the household, rights to them and their productive use, participation in off-household productive activities and linkages across housing and land markets. This may be particularly relevant for rural and peri-urban markets where the separation between housing and land markets is greater than in urban markets. To meet the objectives of the proposed study, a primary survey will be conducted spanning 25 Indian States/UTs, covering 15,800 households.

NCAER Gig Economy Initiative
The programme seeks to research and highlight the socio-economic impact of platform work and platform companies in India. The study will progress on two tracks: • Track I, spanning over 6-months, will focus on platform agents in the food delivery sector. We will survey delivery partners to analyse their options, preferences and choices that are enabled by the platform’s flexible work model and the current regulatory environment. We will also conduct a qualitative sectoral case-study of food delivery sector in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic • Track II will be a longer program that will attempt to answer two questions – (1) What is the impact on MSMEs as they increase their reliance on platform economies? (2) What are the direct and indirect jobs created by platform work in the economy?

Impact of Taxation on Auto Sales
The objective of the study is to estimate the impact of tax rates on automobile sales and tax revenue. This study will include the following: (i) estimation of price and tax elasticity of demand for auto industry including passenger vehicles, two-wheelers, three-wheelers and commercial vehicles; (ii) study of taxation regimes for the auto industry in India and; (iii) benchmarking India’s tax regime against comparable countries.

White Paper on Farm Mechanisation in India
NCAER will prepare a white paper that will focus on recommendations for creating an industrial and trade Policy to make India a powerhouse in the farm machinery sector. The overall objective of this paper is to recommend policymakers, key strategic actions to be taken to foster the growth of the Farm Machinery Industry (other than tractors) based on evidence that would enable India to become a global leader in this sub-sector.

Contribution to Overall Employment by the Auto industry: Jobs and Skills
The present proposal is intended to study the contribution of the automobile sector to the overall quantity and quality of Indian employment in the auto industry. This study is being sponsored by Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers. The specific objectives of the project are to estimate contribution of both direct employment in the manufacturing sector and indirect in the supporting sectors. The impact of the auto industry on jobs would be disaggregated across four segments – passenger vehicles, two-wheelers, three-wheelers and commercial vehicles. Last but not the least we will analyse the distribution of workers across various levels of academic, technical and vocational skills, across hierarchical levels and across qualities of jobs in the form of written job contracts. Rapid automation in this sector has further affected it and will have an impact on demand for type of skills.

District-driven Growth - A Pilot study for Making India a $5 trillion Economy – Phase II
The Government of India’s Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT, originally known as the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, or DIPP) set a goal in early 2018 of making India a US$ 5 trillion economy by 2025. It was proposed to prepare strategic plans for the districts centred around their local strengths and economic activities with the objective of achieving an increase of at least 2-3 per cent in their annual growth rates. The DPIIT commissioned NCAER to carry out these exercise for Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg districts (Maharashtra) and Solan (Himachal Pradesh). Phase I included the identification of potential growth areas in the districts, making an initial set of recommendations for these potential areas, and preparing the District Strategic Plans, popularly known as District Development Plans. The goal of this during Phase II was to implement the proposed recommendations by mentoring and hand-holding the administration and other stakeholders in the district, along with capacity building and promotion of skilling initiatives. This study entailed several rounds of consultations with stakeholders, including the district administration, government departments, industry associations, entrepreneurs, NGOs, and ultimate beneficiaries like farmers and fishermen. The valuable feedback and inputs from all these stakeholders enabled the NCAER study team to effectively identify the thrust areas in Phase I and to prepare a comprehensive implementation plan in Phase II.

NCAER's Land Policy Initiative (N-LPI)
Land policy in India has suffered from several deficits. Relative to its size, India suffers from a paucity of economic research, policy analysis, and systematic data on land, leading to well-meaning but poorly designed and implemented government programs. Land policy is defined constitutionally as the prerogative of India’s States and the focus of data and analytical efforts relating to land must also focus on the States. To help address these deficits, and with the generous support of the Omidyar Network, NCAER launched the NCAER Land Policy Initiative (NLPI) in April 2019 to build on our prior analytical work on land, our 60 plus years of experience with data collection, and our long-standing relationship of trust with governments. The objectives of the NLPI are to (1) raise official and citizen awareness of the distortions in India’s land markets and their cost to the economy; (2) produce and curate evidence and land data and to suggest solutions and state rankings that can nudge States through competitive federalism to improve their land administration, records and services; (3) where requested, pilot such solutions with States and evaluate them; and (4) help build a larger research community of analysts and experts on land issues in India. The Land Policy Initiative has been set up with two broad objectives, the creation of: (a) NCAER’s Land Records and Services Index (N-LRSI), and (b) NCAER’s Land Data Portal. While N-LRSI will create an index to capture the extent of digitization of land records and the quality of land records in Indian States and Union Territories, the Land Data Portal will be a data warehouse for all publicly available land data in India, along with N-LRSI data.

Cement Industry in India: Current Scenario and an Overview of Competitive Landscape
The study is focused on ascertaining profitability in the industry, which in turn would examine the prospects of new investments and growth of the sector over the medium to long term. Major objectives of the study are (i)examine the degree of competitiveness of the cement sector in India, using appropriate measures of industrial concentration over time and across other major industries that are crucial for housing and infrastructure development and (ii) measure the profitability of the cement sector in terms of return on investment or profits to assets ratios, again over time and for comparison across selected industries.

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