NCAER's Land Policy Initiative (N-LPI)
Land policy in India has suffered from several deficits. Relative to its size, India suffers from a paucity of economic research, policy analysis, and systematic data on land, leading to well-meaning but poorly designed and implemented government programs. Land policy is defined constitutionally as the prerogative of India’s States and the focus of data and analytical efforts relating to land must also focus on the States. To help address these deficits, and with the generous support of the Omidyar Network, NCAER launched the NCAER Land Policy Initiative (NLPI) in April 2019 to build on our prior analytical work on land, our 60 plus years of experience with data collection, and our long-standing relationship of trust with governments. The objectives of the NLPI are to (1) raise official and citizen awareness of the distortions in India’s land markets and their cost to the economy; (2) produce and curate evidence and land data and to suggest solutions and state rankings that can nudge States through competitive federalism to improve their land administration, records and services; (3) where requested, pilot such solutions with States and evaluate them; and (4) help build a larger research community of analysts and experts on land issues in India. The Land Policy Initiative has been set up with two broad objectives, the creation of: (a) NCAER’s Land Records and Services Index (N-LRSI), and (b) NCAER’s Land Data Portal. While N-LRSI will create an index to capture the extent of digitization of land records and the quality of land records in Indian States and Union Territories, the Land Data Portal will be a data warehouse for all publicly available land data in India, along with N-LRSI data.

Implement Digital Direct Benefit Transfers: A DBT Readiness Index for the States of India
Both the central and state governments in India operate a vast array of cash and in-kind transfers to protect its poor. But these social protection schemes often suffer from substantial leakages and poor targeting, distort market functioning by subsidising prices and thereby impose significant fiscal stress without commensurate social benefits. India is seeking to port these subsidies into direct-to-beneficiary transfers, often called Direct Benefit Transfers or DBT. Implementing DBT should be a means to an end, not only to reduce leakages in the Indian subsidy system, but also to ensure that the targeted poor and vulnerable in society get timely transfers at low cost in time and money. In the Indian context DBT readiness is the ability of states/UTs to pursue government to citizen (G2C) and government to bank/business solutions through the use of Information, Communication and Technology (ICT) viz. electronic transfer of cash or in-kind benefits from government to citizen or for effecting cashless in- kind transfers. Accurate targeting of beneficiaries due to Aadhar and biometric verification makes it feasible to avoid leakages due to ghost beneficiaries and to avoid leakages due to duplication errors . The DBT-Readiness of all Indian states and Union Territories (UTs) will be assessed both annually and quarterly by National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) over the next three years starting from 2016 to 2018 based on annual surveys. The quarterly assessment will be based off a combination of primary and secondary data available or made available by state/UT governments. States/UTs will be ranked relatively using the annual surveys. The quarterly rankings will be based off absolute index, which will help track states/UTs their own growth over time. In addition to the overall DBT assessment of states and UTs, this survey undertakes DBT Readiness of 10 Central Schemes.

Analysis of Value of Urban Land Based on Trends and Patterns in the prices of land
The underlying rationale of the study is to identify the determinants of land values in the NCT of Delhi. The study, apart from using standard statistical tools, would undertake several case studies to develop a better understanding of the determinants of spatial and inter-temporal variations of land values.

Preparing Model EPC Contract for the Dedicated Freight Corridor
To moderate and balance the complexities of the Planning Commission document on the Engineering and Procurement Contract (EPC). There is a lack of coordination with respect to the areas linked to (1) civil works, (2) electrical/mechanical portion and (3) signalling. The basic purpose of this document is to combine all these areas into a unified model to expedite the work for the dedicated freight corridors in India

Evaluation of e-Courts Mission Mode Project
The main objective of the study is to assess the level of computersitaion of district and Taluka courts in India covered under the e-Courts project. This includes assessment of the ICT deployment of hardware & LAN components, utilisation of hardware & LAN components, assessment of Case Information System (CIS) application roll out and readiness for service delivery, etc. An online survey and face to face interview will be conducted among four major groups of stake holders; judicial officers, court officials, lawyers and litigants. The study will cover 300 courts spread over 5 high courts in India.

Cost of Customised Weather and Marine Services: A study for Ministry of Earth Sciences, GoI
The Ministry of Earth Science has been providing weather / climate related forecasts on land and oceans through its constituent units namely the National Centre for Ocean Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) and the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS). This study aims to estimate the cost incurred in producing user-wise customized forecasts of NCMRWF and INCOIS by carefully analysing the economic values/costs and financial costs of the output. The study will also estimate the direct and indirect value of weather services.

Assessment Study on Green Jobs Potential in India
The overall objective of this study is to develop a Green Sector Input-Output (IO) table for India for the year 2009-10 and derive the IO coefficient and Leontief matrix. The exercise will make use of output and employment multipliers of various “green” sectors in India (Wind Energy, Watershed Development, Forestry & Environment and Metro Rail Services) to analyse the growth and employment potential of such sectors. Further, simulations analysis will evaluate the investments required in each sector to facilitate certain levels of growth and employment in these sectors.

Study on Impact of Investment in the Housing Sector on GDP and Employment in Indian Economy
The study aims to update and substantiate the findings of the July 2000 report of the same title. The study will assess on a broad basis, the inter-linkages between housing, construction and construction materials and to the extent practicable, the real estate development sectors, drawing inferences on the drivers of growth and key points on inter linkages. The study will also draw up inferences for possible short and long term policy interventions.

E-Readiness Assessment and e-Governance Ranking of Indian States/ UTs 2011-12
This is the sixth in a series of e-Readiness reports since 2004. These projects are a paradigm shift in the delivery mechanism of various governance services through ICT adoption by government and are a tool to ‘serve the unserved’ and promote inclusiveness. The assessment is now going to be carried out over time, i.e., states will now be able to track their growth over time. The analysis of different e-Governance projects being implemented in Indian states/union territories will continue in the reports as before.

Baseline Study on e-Panchayat
As the knowledge partner on the e-Panchayat project of the Department of Information Technology, NCAER’s role is to sign off on the project scope, research framework, research methodology, and report formats as well as on the final data used in compilation. The main objectives of the study are to create baseline data against which the impact of ICT based delivery processes can be measured, to understand the challenges in the current mode of service delivery and create a benchmark for future implementation, as well as to understand the differences between high and low performing e-Panchayats. The Agricultural Finance Corporation Limited (AFCL India Limited) is the executing research institute for this project along with Research and Development Initiative Private Limited as the supporting market research agency.

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