Agricultural Diagnostic for Bihar State of India
This NCAER study is aimed at undertaking a diagnostic of the agricultural sector to help inform and operationalise the Government of Bihar vision for agriculture in the next 5 years. The study will (a) assess the drivers of agricultural productivity and growth in Bihar; (b) assess and rank the obstacles to inclusive growth; (c) identify actions to increase this sector’s productivity and promote inclusive growth to help this sector move to a sustained higher-growth path. The policy recommendations of this diagnostic will help policy makers, donors and other stakeholders to the success of Bihar’s agricultural sector enhance the decisions they make on policies and programmes to deliver inclusive growth of this sector and greater food security for the state of Bihar. Aligned with the Bihar Agriculture Road Map of the Government of Bihar, the purpose of this study is also to develop practical, evidence-based policy options to support sustainable growth in this sector.  

Doubling Farmer's Income
The Government of India has focused its attention on doubling the farmers’ income during the seven-year period from 2015–16 to 2022–23, marking a significant departure from past policies when the emphasis had been only on production rather than the marketability of the produce. In order to provide analytics for this focus, a Committee on Doubling Farmers’ Income was constituted in April 2016 under the chairmanship of Dr Ashok Dalwai, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The Committee has adopted three institutes as its knowledge partners. While the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) is one of them, the other two are the National Institute of Agricultural Research Policy (NIAP), and the National Centre for Cold Chain Development (NCCD). The DFI Committee has held multiple consultations with stakeholders across the country and has co-opted more than 100 resource persons to help it in drafting the Report. These members have been drawn from among researchers, academics, non-government organisations, farmers’ organisations, professional associations, trade, industry, commerce, consultancy bodies, policymakers at the Central and State levels, and many others with various domain strengths. While thirteen volumes of the DFI Committee Report have already been prepared, Volume XIV on the Comprehensive Policy Recommendations of the DFI Committee is in the process of finalisation. The Committee has identified six major sources for increasing farmers’ income, viz., improvement in crop productivity, livestock productivity, resource use efficiency or promoting savings in the cost of production, increase in cropping intensity, diversification towards high-value crops, and enhancement of the real prices received by farmers. With the DFI strategy focusing on doubling the farmers’ income, all those associated with the programme at both the Central and State levels need to disaggregate the interventions for achieving a higher share of farm income in the farmers’ cumulative income. Hence, it has been targeted to change the ratio of farm to non-farm income from the existing 60: 40 (in 2015–16) to 70: 30 (by 2022–23), which would ensure greater viability for farming.

Doubling Farmers' Income
Agriculture plays an important role in the overall growth of the Indian economy. While the share of agriculture in GDP has declined sharply during the last five decades the dependence of the rural workforce on agriculture for employment has not declined in the same proportion. This has widened income disparity between the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. A Committee chaired by Dr Ashok Dalwai, was set up at the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, in April 2016 to look into various aspects of growth in farmers’ income. The Committee has adopted NCAER as one of the knowledge partners in this work. The Report of the Committee is structured through 14 volumes. The draft versions of the first four volumes of the “Strategy for Doubling Farmers’ Income by 2022” have been uploaded on the website of the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare.

Study on Functioning of Targeted Public Distribution System in Six States
Study on Functioning of Targeted Public Distribution System in Six States The main objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the Targeted Public Distribution System on target groups with respect to selected indicators. System evaluation and beneficiary level evaluation are part of the study. The survey will be conducted in six states; Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, West-Bengal, Assam and Uttar Pradesh. The main target groups of the survey are APL, BPL and AAY cardholders.

Food Grain Stocking Policy for India
Pending legislation, which will guarantee access by the poor to a specified quantity of food grains, the National Food Security Bill stands to have a major impact on the food grain stocking policy in India. The Bill mentions cash transfers and issuing food coupons to eligible families. However, no concrete steps have been spelled out on this front. It is therefore supposed that the present system of procurement and storage of food grains by the Central and State government agencies shall continue. The successful implementation of the Act will clearly require that much larger stocks be held. Whether these stocks are held by the government or the private sector depends on new instruments being created, e.g., negotiable warehouse receipts-, on new institutions such as public-private partnerships in warehousing and on changes to the legal structure, especially the Essential Commodities Act and the Agricultural Produce Marketing (Regulation) Act

Baseline Study on e-Panchayat
As the knowledge partner on the e-Panchayat project of the Department of Information Technology, NCAER’s role is to sign off on the project scope, research framework, research methodology, and report formats as well as on the final data used in compilation. The main objectives of the study are to create baseline data against which the impact of ICT based delivery processes can be measured, to understand the challenges in the current mode of service delivery and create a benchmark for future implementation, as well as to understand the differences between high and low performing e-Panchayats. The Agricultural Finance Corporation Limited (AFCL India Limited) is the executing research institute for this project along with Research and Development Initiative Private Limited as the supporting market research agency.

Acquisition of Technological Capabilities through the Clean Development Mechanism: Some Quantitative Explorations
This paper investigates the impact of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) on technological capabilities of implementing firms in India using longitudinal data of 500 CDM and non CDM firms for the period 2001–2012. Technological capacity is a multi-dimensional concept. The present study measures it by three indicators, namely, R&D intensity, profitability, and total factor productivity. The analysis uses difference-in-difference techniques based on longitudinal data. The existing literature on CDM has a limited number of empirical studies that address technological capability building issues deeply. This study is the first of its kind that has mapped the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) data on CDM with the PROWESS database on Indian companies and applied quasi experimental techniques to analyse the impact of CDM on building technological capabilities of the hosting firms. The first draft of the report was presented at the SANDEE research workshop held in Kathmandu in December 2012.

Developing an Input-Output Table for Gujarat with new Green Industries
The objective of this study is to analyse job creation and growth potential of the state of Gujarat using both secondary and primary data sources through input-output modeling. The degree of impact of exogenous factors on output of a particular sector on all sectors through different multiplier effects is examined. Three of the most frequently used types of multiplier estimate the impacts of the exogenous changes on (i) outputs of the sectors in the economy (output multiplier), (ii) income earned by households because of the new outputs (income multiplier), and (iii) employment that is expected to be generated because of the new output (employment multiplier).

Evaluation Study on Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
The objectives of the project were threefold: (1) to assess the implementation process, flow of funds, quality of assets, coverage of scheme, impact on livelihood, convergence issues, migration issues, extension of scheme to urban areas, record maintenance, capacity of implementing authorities, norms followed and involvement of PRIs; (2) to examine post construction maintenance aspects, different wages in different states and gender issues in payments; and (3) to review implementation of rules and regulations, and monitoring aspects.

Agricultural Outlook and Situation Analysis Reports for India; Incorporating the Best International Practices
This project is complementary to the NCAER study commissioned by Ministry of Agriculture on Agricultural Outlook and Situation Analysis Reports. The project will help to build capacity for providing regular and periodic reports on agricultural outlook and will utilise international best practices in this regard.

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