Agricultural Diagnostic for Bihar State of India
This NCAER study is aimed at undertaking a diagnostic of the agricultural sector to help inform and operationalise the Government of Bihar vision for agriculture in the next 5 years. The study will (a) assess the drivers of agricultural productivity and growth in Bihar; (b) assess and rank the obstacles to inclusive growth; (c) identify actions to increase this sector’s productivity and promote inclusive growth to help this sector move to a sustained higher-growth path. The policy recommendations of this diagnostic will help policy makers, donors and other stakeholders to the success of Bihar’s agricultural sector enhance the decisions they make on policies and programmes to deliver inclusive growth of this sector and greater food security for the state of Bihar. Aligned with the Bihar Agriculture Road Map of the Government of Bihar, the purpose of this study is also to develop practical, evidence-based policy options to support sustainable growth in this sector.  

Doubling Farmer's Income
The Government of India has focused its attention on doubling the farmers’ income during the seven-year period from 2015–16 to 2022–23, marking a significant departure from past policies when the emphasis had been only on production rather than the marketability of the produce. In order to provide analytics for this focus, a Committee on Doubling Farmers’ Income was constituted in April 2016 under the chairmanship of Dr Ashok Dalwai, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The Committee has adopted three institutes as its knowledge partners. While the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) is one of them, the other two are the National Institute of Agricultural Research Policy (NIAP), and the National Centre for Cold Chain Development (NCCD). The DFI Committee has held multiple consultations with stakeholders across the country and has co-opted more than 100 resource persons to help it in drafting the Report. These members have been drawn from among researchers, academics, non-government organisations, farmers’ organisations, professional associations, trade, industry, commerce, consultancy bodies, policymakers at the Central and State levels, and many others with various domain strengths. While thirteen volumes of the DFI Committee Report have already been prepared, Volume XIV on the Comprehensive Policy Recommendations of the DFI Committee is in the process of finalisation. The Committee has identified six major sources for increasing farmers’ income, viz., improvement in crop productivity, livestock productivity, resource use efficiency or promoting savings in the cost of production, increase in cropping intensity, diversification towards high-value crops, and enhancement of the real prices received by farmers. With the DFI strategy focusing on doubling the farmers’ income, all those associated with the programme at both the Central and State levels need to disaggregate the interventions for achieving a higher share of farm income in the farmers’ cumulative income. Hence, it has been targeted to change the ratio of farm to non-farm income from the existing 60: 40 (in 2015–16) to 70: 30 (by 2022–23), which would ensure greater viability for farming.

Doubling Farmers' Income
Agriculture plays an important role in the overall growth of the Indian economy. While the share of agriculture in GDP has declined sharply during the last five decades the dependence of the rural workforce on agriculture for employment has not declined in the same proportion. This has widened income disparity between the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. A Committee chaired by Dr Ashok Dalwai, was set up at the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, in April 2016 to look into various aspects of growth in farmers’ income. The Committee has adopted NCAER as one of the knowledge partners in this work. The Report of the Committee is structured through 14 volumes. The draft versions of the first four volumes of the “Strategy for Doubling Farmers’ Income by 2022” have been uploaded on the website of the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare.

Food Grain Stocking Policy for India
Pending legislation, which will guarantee access by the poor to a specified quantity of food grains, the National Food Security Bill stands to have a major impact on the food grain stocking policy in India. The Bill mentions cash transfers and issuing food coupons to eligible families. However, no concrete steps have been spelled out on this front. It is therefore supposed that the present system of procurement and storage of food grains by the Central and State government agencies shall continue. The successful implementation of the Act will clearly require that much larger stocks be held. Whether these stocks are held by the government or the private sector depends on new instruments being created, e.g., negotiable warehouse receipts-, on new institutions such as public-private partnerships in warehousing and on changes to the legal structure, especially the Essential Commodities Act and the Agricultural Produce Marketing (Regulation) Act

Agricultural Outlook and Situation Analysis Reports for India; Incorporating the Best International Practices
This project is complementary to the NCAER study commissioned by Ministry of Agriculture on Agricultural Outlook and Situation Analysis Reports. The project will help to build capacity for providing regular and periodic reports on agricultural outlook and will utilise international best practices in this regard.

Agricultural Outlook and Situation Analysis for Food Security
The study focuses on integrating information relating to inputs, outputs, and markets for the major agricultural products to provide an assessment of the emerging agricultural outlook in the economy. The study will consider developments in the domestic economy and also global markets with implications for Indian agriculture and focus on food crops, given the significance of achieving food security for India’s population. The study will also provide 2–3 analytical papers on issues relating to the development of the food sector in the country.

Capturing the Potential of Greenhouse Gas Offsets in Indian Agriculture
The primary objective of this research is to develop policies and programs targeted at the early exploitation of the most cost effective GHG abatement options within Indian agriculture. Subsidiary objectives are to document current national policy settings affecting the Indian agricultural sector which may inadvertently be encouraging high emission production activities or the use of energy intensive inputs; review developments in the GHG policy settings of other countries, with particular regard to the proposed role of agriculture; quantify the scope for cost-effective mitigation within India’s agricultural sector; assess the economy-wide impacts of agricultural policy reform and the introduction of an agricultural offsets policy on agricultural productivity, food security, rural incomes, employment, trade and emissions; and assess alternative policy designs and institutional arrangements that can efficiently deliver GHG mitigation by the agricultural sector

India's Cotton Revolution: Outcomes and Insights
India’s cotton economy has witnessed significant changes after the introduction of Bt technology in 2002. In a relatively short span of 10 years, the country has become the second largest producer of cotton in the world. The rapid growth in India’s cotton production has attracted a lot of attention within as well as outside the country due to a highly contentious debate that took place before and immediately after the introduction of this technology. The purpose of this study is to undertake a fresh and comprehensive assessment of how the introduction of Bt technology transformed the socioeconomic status of cotton growers and benefited industries associated with cotton.

National Spatial Data Infrastructure and NCAER
In November 2000, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India constituted a task force under the Chairmanship of the Surveyor General of India for evolving a vision for National Spatial Data Infrastructure and for formulating a strategy and an action plan. A vision, strategy and action plan document was consequently prepared and discussed in an International Workshop organized jointly by the Department of Space and Department of Science and Technology and was endorsed by a large number of Ministries and Departments and various other professional organisations.The project aims at making available current and accurate spatial data to contribute to local, state and national development and also to the decision making, economic growth, environmental quality and stability, and social progress.