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Dialogue on Land, Conflict and Investment Risks in India
September 3, 2015

The Claridges, New Delhi




Unclear Property Rights and Records put Investment in India's Manufacturing and Infrastructure Sectors, and its Financial Sector at Risk


With over 93% of natural resource development in emerging economies at risk for land conflict, the global land investment experience has key lessons for India


India’s growing energy, industry, and development needs require a substantial transformation in land use, impacting millions of customary users of land. To date, India has been struggling to address the challenges arising out of these transformations, as indicated by a rising number of land-related conflicts affecting at least a quarter of the country’s districts. India’s private and public sectors, which need land for their industry, infrastructure, and service sector operations, as well as its financial sector, are bearing the brunt of project delays and non-performing assets linked to land rights conflicts. Global scale studies clearly demonstrate that this problem is faced around the world and that there is little appreciation of the investment risks posed by insecure and unclear land rights of local communities. 


At this Dialogue hosted by the NCAER in conjunction with the Washington, DC-based Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI), two framing presentations were: 1) Review of global empirical evidence exploring links between land rights, conflict, and investment risks; and 2) Review of empirical evidence from India related to land, conflicts, and risks to investors and large financial system. A panel of experts debated the issues and participants (both present and virtual) joined the discussion.The issue is not unique to India. Unresolved conflicts over land tenure have been shown to significantly increase financial risk for companies in the infrastructure, mining, agriculture and forestry sectors across the world, according to TMP Systems, an international consultancy that has carried out extensive work on quantifying the risk related